Cyber Security Engineer Job Description, Duties, and Responsibilities

By | October 26, 2023
Cyber Security Engineer Job Description
Cyber security engineers possess the right skills and competence to protect organizations’ systems against cyber attacks.

This post provides detailed information on the cyber security engineer job description, including the key duties, tasks, and responsibilities they commonly perform.

It also highlights the major requirements you may be expected to fulfill to be hired for the cyber security engineer role by most employers/recruiters.

What Does a Cyber Security Engineer Do?

Cyber security engineers are responsible for protecting an organization’s system against advanced persistent threats from the cyberspace.

The cyber security engineer job description entails a number of functions, including developing and implementing secure network solutions, carrying out assessments and penetration testing, managing audit/intrusion and security technology systems, architecting, and engineering/developing trusted systems into secure systems.

One of the primary duties of a cyber security engineer is to troubleshoot, identify any unauthorized access, and provide solutions in an organization’s system in relation to cyber security.

Cyber security engineers generally perform the tough, detailed-oriented work at the primacy of information assurance efforts in companies, non-profit, and government organizations around the world.

Mostly, their skills, training, and education are all that stand between an organization and future attacks such as unauthorized access to information and data, or intrusion into the system.

Due to the ambiguity of the role of cyber security engineers, professionals working in this field can also be known by different titles such as data security engineer, IA/IT security engineer, or application/web security engineer.

Other roles in a cyber security engineer’s work description might include working with other departments to define security protocols and protect IT systems.

In the same vein, they directly probe computer code bases to eradicate common coding susceptibilities

Cyber Security Engineer Job Description Example/Sample/Template

The duties, tasks, and responsibilities of cyber security engineers vary differently in accordance to the needs of the client or organization they work for.

However, the following job description example shows the major functions they normally perform:

  • Partake in technical design reviews, integration, testing, and documentation work
  • Responsible for technical advisory to research teams
  • Update, sustain, and administer a high level of security for in-house security infrastructures
  • Run vulnerability valuation and fizzing of protocols, hardware, and software
  • Apply system security engineering principles to deliver real solutions premeditated to enhance the security position
  • Identify threats and develop suitable defense measures, evaluate system changes for security implications, and recommend enhancements, research, and draft cyber security white papers, and provide first-class support to the cyber security operations staff for resolving difficult cyber security issues
  • Write Risk Management Framework (RMF)-based policies and procedures, and develop comprehensive cyber security processes to contain implementation
  • Manage and lead security incident response efforts
  • Configure Windows and Linux host-based security as well as network and cloud-based security systems
  • Support with the installation and configuration of network security architectures, including firewalls, router ACLs (Access Control Lists), web content filters and Demilitarized Zones (DMZ)
  • Observe and respond to Intrusion Detection System (IDS) cues and anti-virus alerts.

Requirements – Skills, Abilities, and Knowledge – for Cyber Security Engineer Role

If you are seeking the job of a cyber security engineer, here are typical requirements and qualifications most recruiters will expect you to have:

  • 3 years plus of experience identifying threats and developing appropriate protection measures
  • Ability to review system changes for security implications and recommending improvements
  • Understanding of cyber security methodologies
  • Proficient in Java, Net, C++, Python, bash, power shell
  • Good team player, self-confident, motivated, and independent
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Bachelor’s degree or equivalent in Computer engineering/science preferred
  • Current knowledge of technology capabilities and trends; types, and techniques of hacking attacks in the wild
  • Understanding of the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model and renowned ports and services can be an added advantage
  • Significant low-level networking experience with the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) stack can be an added advantage
  • Ability to multi-task with a calm demeanor and work under pressure in a fast-paced environment
  • One of five potential security-related certifications or capacity to acquire a Public Trust security clearance can be an added advantage
  • Attention to details and good problem-solving skills
  • Veteran enterprise-level security strategic planning experience can be an added advantage
  • Knowledge of DoD (Department of Defense) 8500 series Risk Management Framework (RMF) processes can be an added advantage.


You will find the sample job description for the cyber security engineer position provided in this post valuable if you are an employer hiring for the role.

You will be able to produce a great description for the position with no trouble and swiftly too by making use of the content of this post, and that will boost your chances of getting only the best-qualified people applying for the job.

Individuals interested in a career in the field of cyber security engineering will also find this post helpful in learning about the duties and responsibilities that characterize the job of a cyber security engineer in an organization.

In the same fashion, those applying for similar positions can refer to this post to enable them create compelling CVs and resumes that can capture the attention of hiring managers.