Psychiatrist Job Description, Duties, and Responsibilities

By | November 2, 2023
Psychiatrist Job Description
Psychiatrist provide help to people with mental disorder.

This post presents detailed information on the psychiatrist job description, including the key duties, tasks, and responsibilities they commonly perform.

It also highlights the major requirements you may be expected to meet to be hired for the psychiatrist role by most employers/recruiters.

What Does a Psychiatrist Do?

Psychiatrists are specialist medical doctors who work with patients with mental health disorder, carrying out diagnoses and providing effective treatments for the ailment.

The psychiatrist job description entails assessing both the mental and physical aspect of psychological problems to identify and proffer solutions to mental and behavioral conditions.

Psychiatrists are medically qualified doctors specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with mental health disorders such as dementia, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other mental illness.

They are therefore skilled in recognizing the symptoms of both the mind and body to evaluate, assess risk, and draw up treatment plans, which may include prescribing medication.

The psychiatrist job position is very sensitive as any wrong advice or diagnosis of a patient could result in serious consequences, thus for each patient, a special treatment plan is developed.

Sometimes, they use drugs to cure their patients or employ unconventional methods like psychoanalysis, therapy, or hypnosis.

Psychiatrists follow up on each of their patients and have them call in for regular check-ups.

Their role also involves maintaining strict doctor-patient confidentiality procedure as patients tell them their most intimate secrets in confidence.

They also evaluate patients by interviewing them, their family or other persons close to them.

They also conduct physical examinations, observe behaviors, and review medical history to obtain patient information.

As part of their duties, psychiatrists select, administer, and interpret psychological tests.

They order laboratory tests and facilitate the processing of results, as well as develop treatment plans by determining the nature and extent of cognitive, emotional, developmental, social, and behavioral disorder; establishing treatment goals and methodologies.

Psychiatrists ensure interdisciplinary treatment by reviewing treatment plans and progress; consulting and collaborating with primary care physicians, mental health therapists, nurses, and other health care providers.

Their work description also entails providing quality and safe service for patients by enforcing policies and procedures which comply with the standards and requirements of regulatory health care organizations.

To work as a psychiatrist requires an undergraduate or medical degree in psychology, chemistry, or biology, and not less than four years of experience as a psychiatrist intern.

The qualities you will need to have to be effective in the career include emotional resilience, good leadership skills, and clinical expertise in the chosen specialty.

Psychiatrist Job Description Example/Template

Psychiatrists perform various functions in providing effective treatment to people with mental challenge.

The various tasks, duties, and responsibilities psychiatrists mainly perform are shown in the job description example below:

  • Work directly with patients suffering from a range of mental health problems and provide a good standard of practice care
  • Assess patients by reviewing their mental and physical health, their background and current social situation, thoughts and past health issues, as well as any potential risk factors
  • Take note and keep detailed records of any interactions and decisions
  • Decide on suitable psychiatric treatment plans for patients, which may include a combination of medical, psychological, and social interventions in conjunction with other health professionals
  • Prescribe medication when necessary
  • Monitor and review treatment regularly
  • Have excellent knowledge of physiology, anatomy, psychology, pharmacology and mental health law, as well as an awareness of the social factors that influence mental health
  • Work closely within, or lead a multidisciplinary team of health professionals, including psychiatric nurses, psychologists and occupational therapists.
  • Supervise and teach junior medical staff depending on their post
  • Carry out research and keep up to date with new information relevant to their field
  • Determine a line of treatment for patients and implement it
  • Work with a team of doctors if the patients on their treatment and help them understand the disease
  • Exercise lots of patience and care towards each patient
  • Counsel the patient and their close relatives.

Requirements – Skills, Abilities, and Knowledge – for Psychiatrist Job

To be hired for the role of a psychiatrist, employers usually require applicants to meet certain requirements and qualifications, such as the ones shown below:

  • Education and Training: To become a psychiatrist, you require an undergraduate knowledge of biology, chemistry, and psychology; a medical degree in psychology and more than four years of experience in internship
  • Diagnostic Skill: Psychiatrists must be able to analyze patients’ comments, symptoms, and test results to decide on the best treatment plan
  • Listening Skill: They must be an avid and capable listener to hear both what the patient says and discern what is not said
  • Communication Skill: They need to be able to communicate with many people especially patients. They may talk with the family members to get other aspects of the patient’s problem. They often talk with other health professionals to coordinate a treatment plan. They have good command of both verbal and written language.


Are you an employer set to hire for the psychiatrist position in your organization? If you are, then you can apply the sample job description provided in this post to create a good description for the role in your organization.

By publishing a detailed description for the job can improve your chances of getting the best qualified candidates to respond to your offer.

This post is also helpful to people who desire to get into the psychiatric career. They will learn all they need to know about what psychiatrists do and be better prepared for the responsibilities of the role.